ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHENOLIC CONTENT OF SEED, SKIN AND PULP PARTS OF 22 GRAPE (VITIS VINIFERA L.) CULTIVARS (4 COMMON AND 18 REGISTERED OR CANDIDATE FOR REGISTRATION)


Yilmaz Y., Goksel Z., Erdogan S. S. , Ozturk A., Atak A., Ozer C.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, vol.39, no.6, pp.1682-1691, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfpp.12399
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1682-1691
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of pulp, seed and skin of 22 grape varieties (7 white and 15 red) grown in the Marmara region of Turkey were determined (common, registered or candidate cultivars). The total phenolic contents of grape pulp, seed and skin parts ranged from 9.26 to 62.29, from 162.29 to 326.18 and from 96.61 to 167.42 mg gallic acid equivalents/100 g fresh weight, respectively. Seasonal changes were noticeable in the total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of different grape parts. The antioxidant activity of grape seeds of registered or candidate cultivars was the highest, followed by skins and pulps. The antioxidant activities of grape skins were higher in red varieties than in white varieties. The results indicated that registered and candidate red or white grape cultivars may have high amounts of phenolics and possess a superior antioxidant activity in comparison to popular cultivars, such as Bilecik I. rikarasi, Hamburg Misketi, Alfons and Isabella.