Determination of phenolic compounds profiles and antioxidant properties of oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) grown in Turkey


Karkar B., Sahin S.

EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.248, no.1, pp.219-241, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 248 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00217-021-03875-y
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.219-241
  • Keywords: Oleaster, Elaeagnus angustifolia L, Phenolic compounds, Antioxidant capacity, HPLC-DAD, BEE POLLEN, DIFFERENT PARTS, EXTRACT, OXIDATION, PLANT

Abstract

The oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) plant grown in three different locations in Nevsehir, Turkey was analyzed to determine its phenolic component profile, total phenolic compound, total carotenoid, total flavonoid, and antioxidant capacity values. Ultrasonic extraction of the oleaster's flour, shell, core, flower, and leaf parts was carried out under solvent and acidic hydrolysis conditions using eight different polarity solvents (water, methanol, ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, butanol, petroleum ether, and hexane). The phenolic component profiles were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD), and the main phenolic components in the oleaster samples were gallic acid, catechin, and their derivatives. At the same time, antioxidant properties of oleaster samples were evaluated by Folin-Ciocalteu (FC), ABTS, FRAP, DPPH, and CHROMAC methods. Various parts of oleaster, whose phenolic component content was determined in this study, are thought to be a natural source that can be used against degenerative diseases in future studies.