A Novel and Validated Chemical-Enzymatic Strontium Fractionation Method for Wheat Flour from Celestite Mining Area: the First Approach for Sequential Fractionation

BAĞDAT S., Ozkan M. H. , TOKAY F., Gucer S.

FOOD ANALYTICAL METHODS, vol.12, no.2, pp.313-321, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12161-018-1362-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.313-321


In this study, a sequential Sr fractionation scheme was developed for wheat flour matrix. The lipid, water-soluble, and starch fractions were separated successfully. Total and fractionated Sr was determined by ICP-MS. The limits of detection and quantification of the technique were 4.4 and 17.7gL(-1), respectively. The distribution of Sr was varied between 21.2-31.3%, 28.1-51.2%, and 22.9-49.3% in water-soluble, starch, and residue fractions, respectively. The lipid-bounded strontium was only determined for sample 3 as 0.42mgkg(-1). Additionally, water-soluble content was divided into sub-fractions. The accuracy of the experimental procedure was tested with NIST-8436 durum wheat flour. The certified and sum of the fractionated Sr concentrations were in good agreement with a recovery of 105.0% of the stated concentration. Moreover, simulated in vitro digestion methods were also applied to find out the bioaccessible Sr and to investigate the statistical correlation between fractions and gastrointestinal digests.