Influence of a reduced-starch diet with or without exogenous amylase on lactation performance by dairy cows

Ferraretto L. F., Shaver R. D., Espineira M., Gencoglu H., Bertics S. J.

JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE, vol.94, no.3, pp.1490-1499, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.3168/jds.2010-3736
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1490-1499
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this trial was to determine lactation performance responses in high-producing dairy cows to a reduced-starch versus a normal-starch diet and to the addition of exogenous amylase to the reduced-starch diet. Forty-five multiparous Holstein cows, 68 +/- 29 d in milk and 696 +/- 62 kg of body weight (BW) at trial initiation, were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments in a completely randomized design; a 2-wk covariate adjustment period with cows fed the normal-starch diet was followed by a 10-wk treatment period with cows fed their assigned treatment diets. The normal-starch total mixed ration did not contain exogenous amylase (NS-). The reduced-starch diets, formulated by partially replacing corn grain and soybean meal with whole cottonseed and wheat middlings, were fed without (RS-) and with (RS+) exogenous amylase addition to the total mixed ration. All diets contained 50% forage and 19.8% forage neutral detergent fiber (dry matter basis). Starch and neutral detergent fiber concentrations averaged 27.0 and 30.9%, 22.1 and 35.0%, and 21.2 and 35.3% (dry matter basis) for the NS-, RS-, and RS+ diets, respectively. Expressed as a percentage of BW, dry matter intake was greater for cows fed RS- than for cows fed NS- or RS+. Intake of neutral detergent fiber ranged from 1.09 to 1.30% of BW among the treatments, with that of RS- being 21% greater than that of NS-. Milk yield tended to be greater for cows fed NS- compared with the RS diets. Milk fat content and yield were unaffected by treatment. Milk protein content and yield were greater for cows fed NS- compared with the RS diets. Concentrations of milk urea nitrogen were greater for cows fed RS diets compared with the NS- diet. Body weight, BW change, and body condition score were unaffected by treatment. Feed conversion (kg of milk/kg of dry matter intake) was 10% greater on average for cows fed NS- than for cows fed the RS diets, and tended to be 6% greater for cows fed RS+ compared with RS-. Feeding a reduced-starch diet formulated by partially replacing corn grain and soybean meal with a wheat middlings and whole cottonseed mixture compared with a normal-starch diet without addition of exogenous amylase to either diet reduced milk and component-corrected feed conversions. Addition of exogenous amylase to a reduced-starch diet was of minimal benefit in this study.