This study evaluated the effects of lateral temporal bone resection (LTBR) on local tumour control in patients with locally advanced parotid gland tumours. The medical records of seven patients treated with radical parotidectomy combined with LTBR for locally advanced primary parotid tumour at the Otolaryngology Department of Dokuz Eylul University between January 1995 and December 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Demographic variables, tumour characteristics, treatment properties, postoperative complications, follow-up durations and local, regional and distant recurrences were analysed. Before referral to our clinic, four patients had de novo primary parotid tumours, and three patients had a recurrence of primary parotid tumours. The histopathologic diagnoses were squamous cell carcinoma in two patients, and adenosquamous carcinoma, malignant myoepithelial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and spindle cell sarcoma in the other patients. During the follow-up period, one patient died due to postoperative pulmonary embolism in the first month, and four patients died due to distant metastasis without local or regional recurrences. LTBR combined with radical parotidectomy in locally advanced primary malignant parotid gland tumours is a feasible surgical technique for local tumour control. However, the most common cause of death in these cases is distant metastases, despite appropriate resection.