Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from industrial sludges in the ambient air conditions: Automotive Industry


Karaca G. , TAŞDEMİR Y.

Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, vol.48, no.8, pp.855-861, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10934529.2013.761481
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
  • Page Numbers: pp.855-861
  • Keywords: Treatment sludge, TiO2, diethylamine, sunlight, SEWAGE-SLUDGE, SOIL SURFACES, ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES, SIMULATED SUNLIGHT, MUNICIPAL SLUDGE, DRY DEPOSITION, UV, PHOTODEGRADATION, DEGRADATION, TIO2

Abstract

Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) existed in automotive industry treatment sludge was examined by considering the effects of temperature, UV, titanium dioxide (TiO2) and diethyl amine (DEA) in different dosages (i.e., 5% and 20%) in this study. Application of TiO 2 and DEA to the sludge samples in ambient environment was studied. Ten PAH (Σ10 PAH) compounds were targeted and their average value in the sludge was found to be 4480 ± 1450 ng/g dry matter (DM). Total PAH content of the sludge was reduced by 25% in the ambient air environment. Meteorological conditions, atmospheric deposition, evaporation and sunlight irradiation played an effective role in the variations in PAH levels during the tests carried out in ambient air environment. Moreover, it was observed that when the ring numbers of PAHs increased, their removal rates also increased. Total PAH level did not change with the addition of 5% DEA and only 10% decreased with 5% TiO2 addition. PAH removal ratios were 8% and 32% when DEA (20%) and TiO2 (20%) were added, respectively. It was concluded that DEA was a weak photo-sensitizer yet TiO2 was effective only at 20% dosage. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.