Effect of altitude on seasonal flight activity of Rhagoletis cerasi flies (Diptera : Tephritidae)


Kovanci O. B. , Kovanci B.

BULLETIN OF ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol.96, no.4, pp.345-351, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1079/ber2006432
  • Title of Journal : BULLETIN OF ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.345-351
  • Keywords: elevation, European cherry fruit fly, flight, phenology, yellow sticky traps, CHERRY FRUIT-FLY, CLIMATE-CHANGE, LIFE-CYCLES, TEMPERATURE, POPULATIONS, COLEOPTERA, EMERGENCE, PHENOLOGY, RESPONSES

Abstract

The effect of altitudinal variation on the seasonal flight activity of Rhagoletis cerasi (Linnaeus) flies was evaluated along an altitudinal gradient from 150 to 1170hairspm in Mount Uludag, northwestern Turkey. The predicted dates of fly emergence, flight duration and dates of 5%, 50% and 95% cumulative fly catches at various altitudes were estimated from a degree-day model. Degree-day predictions were compared with those obtained from observations made with yellow sticky traps. The observed and predicted dates of appearance of adults were delayed by 1.4 and 2.0 days for every 100hairspm increase in altitude, respectively. The delay in phenology events was less at high altitudes than postulated by Hopkins' bioclimatic law, whether observed or predicted. The average absolute difference in predicted and observed dates of cumulative percentage catch of adults was 4.9 and 3.0 days in 1997 and 1998, respectively, but these differences were not significant. Prolonged flight activity was predicted and observed at higher altitudes, but the flight period lasted significantly longer than predicted. The observed flight period varied from 29 to 43 days in 1997 and from 36 to 52 days in 1998 between the lowest and highest altitude on the transect. Altitudinal variation between geographically close locations should be taken into account to properly time monitoring activities and hence to manage R. cerasi populations more effectively.