Effect of different cement systems and aging on the bond strength of chairside CAD-CAM ceramics

Ustun S., Ayaz E. A.

JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY, vol.125, no.2, pp.334-339, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 125 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2019.11.025
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.334-339
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


Statement of problem. The bond strength of different chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) restorative materials to dentin with different resin cements needs to be evaluated.
Purpose. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of 3 different cementation systems after thermal aging on the shear bond strength of different CAD-CAM materials.
Material and methods. The occlusal surfaces of 63 molar teeth of similar size were removed, and 21 zirconia-reinforced lithium disilicate (Vita Suprinity-VS), 21 polymer infiltrated ceramic (Vita Enamic-VE), and 21 resin nanoceramic (GC Cerasmart-GC) rectangular specimens of 2.5 mm in thickness were obtained. The ceramics were cemented using total etch (TE), self-etch (SE), and self-adhesive (SA) cement systems. Half of the specimens were subjected to thermal aging with 5000 cycles. The shear bond strength test of all the specimens was measured. Fractured ceramic surfaces were examined by scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) analysis. The Shapiro-Wilk test, 3-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Fisher Least Significant Difference (LSD) tests were used to analyze the shear bond strength test data (a=.05).
Results. The highest bond strength value was found in the nonthermal aged VS-TE and the lowest in the thermal aged VE-TE. Significant interaction was found between TE and SE cemented ceramics (P<.001). For specimens cemented with the SA system, significant interaction was found among ceramics with thermal aged specimens (P<.001). Thermal aging significantly decreased the mean bond strength (P<.05).
Conclusions. Differences in bond strength were observed in chairside CAD-CAM ceramics when cemented with TE, SE, and SA systems. Additionally, thermal aging significantly reduced the bond strength values of all the ceramic materials, regardless of the cementation procedure. Clinicians should consider these variables and choose the most suitable cementation systems for the material used.