Variations in the bridging trait of the hypoglossal canal in 13th century Byzantine skulls


Ari I., Kurt M., Oygucu I., Sendemir E.

International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, vol.15, no.2, pp.140-145, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/oa.738
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.140-145
  • Keywords: hypoglossal canal, bridging trait, population differences, SKELETAL NONMETRIC TRAITS, QUANTITATIVE GENETICS, RHESUS MACAQUES, CRANIAL TRAITS, CAYO-SANTIAGO, AGE, DIFFERENCE, NERVE, BASE, SEX
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The presence of a bony bridge in the (bridging trait) hypoglossal canal, with five different modes, was investigated in 25 adult male Byzantine (13th century) skulls. First, we reevaluated the viability of proposed classification schemes, then for the first time, provided information on the structural features of this part of the occipital bone in a population of Asia Minor. Analysis of the data revealed minor differences in the Byzantine population compared to those previously investigated. Diverse geographical sources may be beneficial in understanding the role of developmental and genetic factors in bridging trait. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.