The prevalence of strongyle infections and persistent efficacy of pyrantel embonate, ivermectin and moxidectin in Turkish horses


Cirak V., Gulegen E., Bauer C.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, vol.29, no.1, pp.175-181, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.175-181

Abstract

Strongyle infection was detected in 68% of 320 horses from 9 farms in western Turkey. Egg counts per gram of faeces (EPG) were more than 950 in half of the animals. The persistent efficacy of 3 different anthelmintics to suppress cyathostome EPG was compared on a horse farm. One group of horses was treated with moxidectin on day 0, and the 2 other groups received pyrantel embonate or ivermectin on days 0 and 70. Pyrantel embonate reduced the EPG by > 90% for 2 weeks; thereafter egg counts steadily increased. Ivermectin reduced the EPG by > 98% for up to 6 weeks. In contrast, one treatment with moxidectin resulted in a persistent efficacy of 98% for at least 16 weeks.