Selective non-operative management of splenic injury in children is generally considered to be safe, and the majority of those with isolated injuries do not require blood transfusion. Eighty-four children were treated for blunt splenic trauma from 1988 to 1997 in the Department of Paediatric Surgery, The Medical Faculty of Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey. Management involved non-operative care in 56 cases (66.7%), splenectomy in 20 (23.8%) and splenorraphy in eight (9.5%) cases. There were no later complications related to splenic injury. The overall mortality was 9.5% (8/84) and the factors effecting mortality were additional intra-abdominal and/or other system injuries. Twenty-two children were not transfused during non-operative treatment. In our study, only 57.1% of the children in the non-operative group received blood transfusions. Some of the patients in this group received only small amounts of blood and probably would have recovered without it. It is concluded that, based on a very strict protocol in conservative management, the total amount of transfused blood could be reduced in children with splenic injuries due to blunt abdominal trauma.