The "Bediiyye" in Literature and the Analysis of a "Kaside-i Masnu'a"

Egri S.

BILIG, no.65, pp.151-164, 2013 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Name: BILIG
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-164
  • Keywords: Rhetoric, bediiye, bediiyyat, kaside-i masnu'a, Lami'i Celebi
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The "bediiyye", which is widely found within the context of Islamic civilization in Arabic, Persian and Turkish literature, is a poem in the form of a "kaside", where each couplet provides examples of various figures of speech. These poems, which are also called "kaside-i masnu'a", were also a part of pre-Islamic Arabic literature, and they were first written for the purpose of praising the Prophet Muhammad. The bediiyye, which often includes more than 400 couplets, became an area of study under the title "bediiyyat" during the Abbasid era. In time these poems began to be produced in Persian literature too, and they started to have different themes. Turkish Literature, on the other hand, does not include so many examples of this type. A good example to analyze in order to gain an understanding of these works is the "kaside" by Lami'i Celebi, who exemplifies in his poem the use of a different figure of speech in each of his couplets.