Determination of fatty acids and some undesirable fatty acid isomers in selected Turkish margarines

Cetin M., Yildirim A., Sahin A.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LIPID SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.105, no.11, pp.683-687, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The fatty acid composition and total trans fatty acid content in 10 margarines produced in Turkey were determined by capillary gas chromatography and Fourier transform - infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The fatty acid composition ranged as follows: saturated fatty acids, C16:0 (palmitic) 11.3 to 31.8% and Cl 8:0 (stearic) 5.7 to 8.7%, monounsaturated fatty acids, C18:1 (oleic) 21.8 to 35.7% and C18:1 trans isomers 0.4 to 27.4%, polyunsaturated fatty acid, C18:2 linoleic acid 5.2 to 40.2%. Some positional isomers of C18:1 as cis-11-octadecenoic acid varied from 0.7 to 4.6% and cis-13 trace to 2.4%. The total trans fatty acid contents were between 0.9 and 32.0% when measured with capillary gas chromatography and between 0 and 30.2% with FTIR spectroscopy. Some of the margarines analyzed contained trace amount of trans fatty acids which could not be detected by FT-IR spectroscopy.