Pavlovian conditioning of the proboscis extension reflex in harnessed foragers using paired vs. unpaired and discrimination learning paradigms: tests for differences among honeybee subspecies in Turkey

Abramson C. I. , AndrewMixson T., ÇAKMAK İ., Place A. J. , Wells H.

APIDOLOGIE, vol.39, no.4, pp.428-435, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/apido:2008025
  • Journal Name: APIDOLOGIE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.428-435
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Experiments utilized three honeybee subspecies from very distinct biomes ( Apis mellifera caucasica, A. m. carnica, A. m. syriaca). In experiment one a simple association between odor and a sucrose feeding was readily established in all three subspecies. This association decreased when the conditioned stimulus was no longer followed by a feeding. Neither the learning rate nor extinction rate differed among subspecies. Unpaired controls confirmed that the acquisition of the odor-food association is learned. In experiment two, an attempt to uncover subspecies differences was tested through the ability of bees to discriminate between two odors, one of which is paired with a feeding. Rapid learning occurred in all subspecies and no significant subspecies differences were observed. Finally, discrimination learning was used as an added control to test for honeybee response to an olfactory versus mechanical ( air) stimulus.