TWEAK and monocyte to HDL ratio as a predictor of metabolic syndrome in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome


Cakmak B. D. , Dundar B., Gencer F. K. , Boyama B. A. , Yildiz D. E.

GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, vol.35, no.1, pp.66-71, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09513590.2018.1490401
  • Title of Journal : GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.66-71

Abstract

We aimed at analyzing serum TWEAK levels and monocyte/HDL ratio in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and their predictivity for metabolic syndrome (MS) in PCOS. We included 71 women with PCOS and 40 healthy controls without any cardiovascular risk factors in this cross-sectional study. Patient group was classified as MS positive (n = 34) and negative (n = 37). Study group had higher monocyte/HDL ratio and TWEAK levels (9.59 +/- 2.82 vs 8.2 +/- 2.46, p = .007 and 1085.54 +/- 780.95 vs 694.88 +/- 369.67 ng/ml, p = .009). Monocyte/HDL ratio and TWEAK levels were higher in MS positive group (10.47 +/- 2.81 vs 8.77 +/- 2.61, p = .01 and 1417.59 +/- 921.52 vs 780.41 +/- 455.67, p = .009). In multivariate regression analysis, monocyte/HDL ratio (>9.9, OR 3.42, 95%CI 1.41-5.78, p = .008) and TWEAK (>846.5 ng/ml, OR 5.49, 95%CI 3.14-7.59, p = .002) were found to be independent predictors of MS in study group. Discriminative value of monocyte/HDL ratio for MS in study group was evaluated by receiver operating curve. Area under curve for monocyte/HDL ratio was 0.669 with a sensitivity of 70.3% and specifity of 67.7%, cutoff value was >9.9. Receiver operating curve for TWEAK at >846.5 pg/ml threshold to diagnose MS in study group was performed and area under the curve was 0.769 with a sensitivity of 73% and specifity of 72%. TWEAK and monocyte/HDL ratio may be promising in predicting MS at early stages in PCOS to prevent future cardiovascular diseases by modifying life-style or giving pharmacotheraphy.