Rod Migration to the Thoracic Subarachnoid Space after C1-2 Instrumentation: A Case Report and Literature Review


DOĞAN Ş. , Gundogdu E. B. , TAŞKAPILIOĞLU M. Ö. , Karaoglu A.

ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY, vol.9, no.1, pp.129-132, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/os.12317
  • Title of Journal : ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY
  • Page Numbers: pp.129-132

Abstract

Posterior instrumented fusion of the cervical spine is a common surgical procedure in the treatment of cervical subluxation, fractures, and stenosis. Although malpositions are commonly seen, it is rare to observe the malposition of the rod or interconnection because of hardware failure. A 62-year-old woman with spastic tetraparesis as a sequel to pediatric meningitis with C-1-C-2 cervical subluxation and myelomalacia had undergone laminectomy of C-1 and C-1 lateral mass and C-2 bilateral pedicular screw fixation. Three years after the stabilization, she presented with complaints of headache, neck pain, and difficulty walking. There was no history of trauma during that period. A previously unrecorded and unusual migration of a rod through the thoracic subarachnoid space was detected. In this study, we report a case of atlantoaxial stabilization using the screw-rod technique that was followed by rod migration to the thoracic subarachnoid space, and outline the subsequent management of the case. Failure of bony fusion can result in micromotion and subsequent migration of fixation device components. Routine radiographic follow-up could be used to identify migration events.