Purpose: The purpose of this randomised-controlled study was to investigate the effect of patients' education on the postoperative acute care in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Material and methods: In this study, 20 patients with hip osteoarthrosis received two sessions of intensified patient education on the day before operation. The patients were informed for activities of daily living and surgery in the first session and were instructed in walking with assistive devices, stair climbing, transfers, range of motion and hip strengthening exercises in the second session. These patients were given an illustrated guide about THA and rehabilitation. Another 20 control patients were not given any rehabilitative education except the attending surgeon's explanations in the preoperative period. During the acute care period, a standard rehabilitation regimen was used for all patients. All subjects were assessed with the Iowa Level of Assistance Scale (ILAS) and Iowa Ambulation Velocity Scale (IAVS). Results: The educated group had a higher ILAS on the second postoperative day (p<0.05). However, ILAS and IAVS were similar in both group on the postoperative sixth day (p>0.05). Conclusion: Preoperative information about postoperative acute care encourages early ambulation of a THA patient and may help minimising medical complications.