Research on the Method for Controlling the Liquid Absorptivity Behavior of Polyester Textile Materials


AKGÜN M. , KANIK M. , Secmen S., Macit M., Gulsen E.

AATCC JOURNAL OF RESEARCH, vol.9, no.3, pp.143-151, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/24723444221084395
  • Title of Journal : AATCC JOURNAL OF RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-151
  • Keywords: Liquid absorptivity performance, Polyester fabric, Printing pattern design, WICKING

Abstract

Besides the advantages of polyester materials, such as ease of production, usage, and maintenance, the hydrophobic properties could cause disadvantages. Applying hydrophilic finishing to the polyester product, its liquid transmission properties could be improved, and better comfort provided to the user. This study aimed to investigate the liquid absorptivity properties (vertical wicking, water vapor permeability, and drop test) of the fabric given hydrophilic properties by applying a partial hydrophilic process on a 100% polyester textile surface. It aimed to transfer the hydrophilic finishing agent to the polyester product using a printing method other than the padding method. In the printing application, 100% open, striped (50% open - 50% closed), continued honeycomb (65% open - 35% closed), and non-continued honeycomb (35% open - 65% closed) pattern screens were used. The liquid transmission properties of fabrics were evaluated by changing the ratio of the hydrophilic treatment applied to the fabric surface via with the printing method. In terms of the applicability of the printing method as an alternative to the impregnation method in order to achieve decreased chemical consumption, it was aimed to investigate whether the method of giving hydrophilic features by the printing method could create an alternative to the padding method. The results showed that the liquid transmission properties of fabrics could be controlled and improved by the printing method depending on the proportions of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic surface areas. In addition, it was observed that the liquid transmission properties of the fabrics vary depending on whether these areas are continued or non-continued.