Psychomotor Delay in a Child with FGFR3 G380R Pathogenic Mutation Causing Achondroplasia


Ergoren M. C. , EREN E. , Manara E., Paolacci S., Tulay P., ÖZEMRİ SAĞ Ş. , ...More

GLOBAL MEDICAL GENETICS, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1055/s-0041-1725070
  • Title of Journal : GLOBAL MEDICAL GENETICS

Abstract

Achondroplasia (ACH) is a hereditary disorder of dwarfism that is caused by the aberrant proliferation and differentiation of chondrocyte growth plates. The common findings of macrocephaly and facial anomalies accompany dwarfism in these patients. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 ( FGFR3 ) gene mutations are common causes of achondroplasia. The current study presents a case of 2-year-old male presenting with phenotypic characteristics of ACH. The interesting finding of the case is the presence of psychomotor delay that is not very common in these patients. Clinical exome sequencing analyzing 4.813 disease causing genes revealed a de novo c.1138G>A mutation within the FGFR3 gene. In conclusion, the mutation confirms the clinical diagnosis of ACH, and it seems to be causing the psychomotor delay in this patient.