Statistical shape analyses of trigonocephaly patients


TAŞKAPILIOĞLU M. Ö. , OCAKOĞLU G. , Kaya S., Baykal D., YAZICI Z.

CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM, vol.36, no.2, pp.379-384, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00381-019-04269-y
  • Title of Journal : CHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-384
  • Keywords: Cranium, Head shape, Metopic craniosynostosis, Statistical shape analysis, Trigonocephaly, FRONTO-ORBITAL ADVANCEMENT, METOPIC SYNOSTOSIS, CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS

Abstract

Purpose Surgery is the first treatment option for patients with metopic craniosynostosis. Fronto-orbital advancement is the preferred method for correction of isolated trigonocephaly, but it is hard to understand whether surgery has been successful mainly in an early period. We aim to investigate the shape differences in the head shapes of trigonocephaly patients compared between preoperative and postoperative term. Methods Cranial shape data were collected from the two-dimensional digital images. The Generalized Procrustes analysis was used to obtain mean shapes of the preoperative and postoperative term. The shape deformation of the frontal calvarium from preoperative to the postoperative term was evaluated using the thin-plate spline (TPS) method. Results There was significant cranial shape difference between preoperative and postoperative term. The high-level deformations for preoperative to postoperative term determined seen in TPS graphic. Highest deformation was observed at the bifrontal dimension especially at nasion and posterior edge of the forehead. Conclusions In this study, we showed that the shape difference and structural deformation of the calvarium were correlated with the metopic craniosynostosis. The present study also shows that preoperative and postoperative head shapes of patients with trigonocephaly can be compared using the landmark-based geometrical morphometric method by taking into consideration the topographic distribution.