Serial Carboxyhemoglobin Levels and Its Relationship with Late Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants: An Observational Cohort Study


Ipek G. V. , Dogan P.

FETAL AND PEDIATRIC PATHOLOGY, vol.39, no.2, pp.145-155, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15513815.2019.1652377
  • Title of Journal : FETAL AND PEDIATRIC PATHOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.145-155

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed at assessing the serial carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels in preterm infants during the first week of life and their variation with late-onset sepsis (LOS). Study Design: Infants with <37 gestational weeks were categorized into two groups according to the presence of culture proven LOS. Serial COHb levels were obtained during the first week of life, at the onset of the LOS episode, and upon blood culture negativity with response to antibiotics. Result: Overall 207 infants were enrolled. A LOS episode resulted in a significant increase in COHb levels (p < 0.001), which decreased to normal levels when the blood cultures were sterile (p < 0.001). At a cut of level of 1.35% COHb had a sensitivity of 56% and a specificity of 90% to confirm LOS (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In this study, we demonstrated an increase in COHb levels at the onset of LOS and a decrease with response to antibiotherapy.