Ni-induced Changes in Nitrate Assimilation and Antioxidant Metabolism of Verbascum olympicum Boiss.: Could the Plant be Useful for Phytoremediation or/and Restoration Purposes?


Akpinar A., ARSLAN H. , GÜLERYÜZ G. , KIRMIZI S. , SEVEN ERDEMİR Ü. , Gucer S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION, vol.17, no.6, pp.546-555, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15226514.2014.922926
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.546-555
  • Keywords: Verbascum olympicum, nickel stress, oxidative defense, INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS, CADMIUM STRESS, REDUCTASE-ACTIVITY, SOYBEAN SEEDLINGS, ENZYME-ACTIVITIES, WHEAT SHOOTS, HEAVY-METALS, NICKEL, RESPONSES, TOXICITY

Abstract

Verbascum olympicum Boiss. (Scrophulariaceae) were studied as a candidate plant for remediating the Ni polluted soils. The metabolic responses, such as nitrate assimilation (nitrate reductase and glutamine synthetase activity) and antioxidant system activity [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity], of this species exposed to nickel in Hoagland's nutrient medium were investigated as remediation performance parameters. The accumulation of nickel and the variations in the content of some elements (B, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo and Zn) and some growth parameters, such as the water content, biomass production, and contents of chlorophyll and soluble protein, were also examined. The accumulation of Ni in both the roots and leaves varied depending on the exposure times and doses. Increased oxidative stress was suggested by the increases in the activities of SOD, CAT and APX. Although some element contents were inhibited by Ni treatments, these inhibitory effects was decreased depending on the time, and even these elements are accumulated in roots. These results are the novelties in the use of this species in biotechnology.