On Distance in Some Finite Planes and Graphs Arising from Those Planes


Dogan I., Akpinar A.

JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICS, vol.2021, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2021
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2021/6668682
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICS

Abstract

In this paper, affine and projective graphs are obtained from affine and projective planes of order p(r) by accepting a line as a path. Some properties of these affine and projective graphs are investigated. Moreover, a definition of distance is given in the affine and projective planes of order p(r) and, with the help of this distance definition, the point or points having the most advantageous (central) position in the corresponding graphs are determined, with some examples being given. In addition, the concepts of a circle, ellipse, hyperbola, and parabola, which are well known for the Euclidean plane, are carried over to these finite planes. Finally, the roles of finite affine and projective Klingenberg planes in all the results obtained are considered and their equivalences in graph applications are discussed.