Paradoks Ekonomi Sosyoloji ve Politika Dergisi, vol.8, no.1, pp.37-58, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Özet: The concept of “transition economies”, which is used to denote those countries that experience a transition from socialist systems based on central planning to capitalist systems based on free market, carries more meanings than a simple transformation of economic systems. This change has an integrated content that involves the transformation of all units determining not only economic but also political, cultural and social life. This characteristic of the transition process fits to the tradition of political economy that brings political institutions, social consciousness and ideas together under the economic umbrella, and thus the process can be analyzed from this perspective. Within the framework of political economy, thus, different transition models emerge based on the main principles aimed at explaining the transition process, and these models indicate that the process can be analyzed through alternative models other than the neoclassical paradigm. The aim of the study is to present alternative models aimed at explaining the transition process along with the above-mentioned elements and to compare these models.