Detection of invisible cracks in ceramic materials using by pre-trained deep convolutional neural network


NOĞAY H. S. , Akıncı T. Ç. , Yilmaz M.

NEURAL COMPUTING & APPLICATIONS, vol.34, no.2, pp.1423-1432, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00521-021-06652-w
  • Title of Journal : NEURAL COMPUTING & APPLICATIONS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1423-1432
  • Keywords: Acoustic noise curves, Pulse pendulum, Transfer learning, Deep convolutional neural network, Alexnet, DEFECT DETECTION

Abstract

Ceramic materials are an indispensable part of our lives. Today, ceramic materials are mainly used in construction and kitchenware production. The fact that some deformations cannot be seen with the naked eye in the ceramic industry leads to a loss of time in the detection of deformations in the products. Delays that may occur in the elimination of deformations and in the planning of the production process cause the products with deformation to be excessive, which adversely affects the quality. In this study, a deep learning model based on acoustic noise data and transfer learning techniques was designed to detect cracks in ceramic plates. In order to create a data set, noise curves were obtained by applying the same magnitude impact to the ceramic experiment plates by impact pendulum. For experimental application, ceramic plates with three invisible cracks and one undamaged ceramic plate were used. The deep learning model was trained and tested for crack detection in ceramic plates by the data set obtained from the noise graphs. As a result, 99.50% accuracy was achieved with the deep learning model based on acoustic noise.