Evaluation of a high-resolution wave hindcast model SWAN for the West Mediterranean basin


Amarouche K., AKPINAR A. , Bachari N. E. I. , ÇAKMAK R. E. , Houma F.

APPLIED OCEAN RESEARCH, vol.84, pp.225-241, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apor.2019.01.014
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED OCEAN RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.225-241
  • Keywords: SWAN, Whitecapping, Wave growth, ST6, Mediterranean sea, Algerian basin, EXTREME SEA-STATE, COASTAL REGIONS, WIND REANALYSES, SURFACE-WAVES, SOURCE TERMS, PART II, DISSIPATION, ENERGY, PERFORMANCE, CLIMATE

Abstract

This study aims to present an evaluation and implementation of a high-resolution SWAN wind wave hindcast model forced by the CFSR wind fields in the west Mediterranean basin, taking into account the recent developments in wave modelling as the new source terms package ST6. For this purpose, the SWAN model was calibrated based on one-year wave observations of Azeffoune buoy (Algerian coast) and validated against eleven wave buoys measurements through the West Mediterranean basin. For the calibration process, we focused on the whitecapping dissipation coefficient C-ds and on the exponential wind wave growth and whitecapping dissipation source terms. The statistical error analysis of the calibration results led to conclude that the SWAN model calibration corrected the underestimation of the significant wave height hindcasts in the default mode and improved its accuracy in the West Mediterranean basin. The exponential wind wave growth of Komen et al (1984) and the whitecapping dissipation source terms of Janssen (1991) with C-ds = 1.0 have been thus recommended for the western Mediterranean basin. The comparison of the simulation results obtained using this calibrated parameters against eleven measurement buoys showed a high performance of the calibrated SWAN model with an average scatter index of 30% for the significant wave heights and 19% for the mean wave period. This calibrated SWAN model will constitute a practical wave hindcast model with high spatial resolution ((similar to)3 km) and high accuracy in the Algerian basin, which will allow us to proceed to a finer mesh size using the SWAN nested grid system in this area.