The Effects of Halofuginone on Wound Healing in the Rat Nasal Mucosa


Ceylan S. M. , Uysal E., Sokucu M., Sezgin E., Kanmaz M. A. , Yurtseven D. , ...More

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, vol.34, no.1, pp.9-15, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1945892419866312
  • Title of Journal : AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.9-15
  • Keywords: wound healing, rat, nasal mucosa, halofuginone, hematoxylin-eosin, Masson trichrome, epithelial thickness, subepithelial thickness, goblet cell, epithelial disarray, fibrosis, ESOPHAGEAL STRICTURES, SINUS SURGERY, INHIBITOR, FIBROSIS, DEXAMETHASONE, PREVENTION, STENOSIS, MODEL

Abstract

Background Halofuginone is an alkaloid febrifugine analogue and bioactive molecule that was isolated incidentally from the Dichroa febrifuga plant. The therapeutic efficacy of halofuginone in parasitic infections, scleroderma, inflammation, and fibrosis-related diseases, as well as in some types of cancer, has been previously reported. The effects of halofuginone on nasal mucosal damage are not yet known. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effect of topically applied halofuginone on wound healing in the mechanically injured nasal mucosa of rats. Methods A unilateral mucosal wound was created in the nasal cavity of 32 rats (aged 4 weeks) using the brushing technique. These rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Although the control group did not receive an intervention, a dry pad, a saline-impregnated pad, or a pad impregnated with halofuginone were placed in the rats of the other 3 groups and left for 5 minutes. Rats were sacrificed on the 14th day, and a histological examination was performed. The nasal mucosa was assessed via hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining. Results There were no statistically significant differences in epithelial thickness, inflammation, goblet cell formation, and epithelial disarray values between the halofuginone group and the control group (P > .05). The subepithelial thickness was significantly decreased in the saline-treated group and the halofuginone-treated group (P < .05), but a significantly lower level of subepithelial fibrosis was only observed in the halofuginone group compared to the other groups (P < .05). Conclusions Topical halofuginone administration reduces the development of fibrosis and subepithelial edema after experimentally induced nasal mucosal injury, but it does not exert therapeutic or preventive effects on epithelial damage, inflammation, and goblet cell hyperplasia.