The influences of drying method and metabisulfite pre-treatment on the color, functional properties and phenolic acids contents and bioaccessibility of pumpkin flour


YELBEY AYDIN E., GÖÇMEN D.

LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.60, no.1, pp.385-392, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lwt.2014.08.025
  • Title of Journal : LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.385-392

Abstract

Pumpkin flours were produced by hot-air oven drying or freeze-drying, with or without a pre-treatment with metabisulfite. Freeze-dried pumpkin flour had deep orange color while metabisulfite caused loss of fresh pumpkin color. Freeze-drying let to better functional properties: higher water holding capacity (92 mL 100 g(-1)), oil binding capacity (314 mL 100 g(-1)) and synergy with BSA for emulsification. Oven drying and metabisulfite pre-treatment both increased phenolic contents and bioaccessible phenolics (1237, 457 mg of GAE 100 g(-1) DW, respectively). The most abundant phenolic acids were p-hydroxybenzoic (0.83-1.68 mg g(-1)), followed by caffeic acid (0.68-1.28 mg g(-1)) and chlorogenic acid (0.35 - 0.92 mg g(-1)) in all pumpkin flours. Oven-drying and metabisulfite pre-treatment led to higher phenolic acid levels. Oven-dried pumpkin flour without metabisulfite pre-treatment may be more appropriate as a functional and nutritional ingredient. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.