SCAPULA LENGTH MEASUREMENT FOR ASSESSMENT OF FETAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT


DILMEN G., TURHAN N., TOPPARE M., SECKIN N., OZTURK M., GOKSIN E.

ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, vol.21, no.2, pp.139-142, 1995 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

To determine the value of prenatal ultrasonographic scapula measurements for fetal growth and development as an adjunct to assessing in utero development, a prospective study of ultrasonography was conducted in 343 pregnant women with uneventful pregnancies with gestational ages from 16 to 41 weeks, and several biometric measurements were obtained. The relationships of scapula length with gestational age and with biparietal diameter, femur length, abdominal circumference and scapul length were examined. With the ultrasonographic examinations of 343 healthy pregnant women, a nomogram of scapula length measurements estimating gestational age and predicting the biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference, and femur length was generated. Linear relationships were found between the scapula length and the gestational age (R(2) = 0.94, p < 0.0001), the biparietal diameter (R(2) = 0.94, p < 0.0001), abdominal circumference (R(2) = 0.94, P < 0.0001), and the femur length (R(2) = 0.95, p < 0.0001). The rate of increase of scapula length was significantly higher before 28 weeks of gestation than in later pregnancy (p < 0.0001). The correlation coefficients between gestational age and scapula length were 0.95 before 28 weeks of gestation and 0.86 in later weeks. These results suggest that scapula length measurement is a valuable parameter for the assessment of fetal growth and development.