Assessment of the effect of fabric constructional parameters on surface roughness of wool fabrics

Akgun M.

JOURNAL OF THE TEXTILE INSTITUTE, vol.106, no.8, pp.845-852, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 106 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00405000.2014.948730
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.845-852
  • Keywords: wool woven fabric, surface roughness, constructional parameters, POLYESTER FABRICS, WRINKLE RECOVERY, COTTON FABRICS, IMAGE-ANALYSIS, SEAM PUCKER
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Surface roughness properties of wool fabrics are one of the important parameters of clothing quality and hand feeling. This paper presents a comparison between surface roughness characteristics of wool fabrics produced from different constructional parameters such as warp and weft yarn density, weft yarn count, and weave pattern. Roughness values of fabrics were affected by constructional parameters and the effects were related to fabric cover, fabric thickness, and crimps of yarns in fabric structure. A general overview of the results showed that surface roughness of wool fabrics decreased and the effect of changes in structural construction decreased as cover of fabrics increased.