© 2022 Elsevier Inc.Background: As a diagnostic criteria of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the exact threshold of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is controversial. In additional, not all HCC tumors are AFP positive or secrete elevated amounts of AFP into the serum. However, the diagnosis of HCC is quite important on the liver transplant list. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of circulating micro RNAs (miRNAs) in AFP-stable HCC patients. Thus, we aimed to determine a diagnostic biomarker in these patients. Methods: Sixteen miRNAs were evaluated using a real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction system in AFP-stable HCC and AFP-trending HCC patients. Results: In our study, 46.7% (n = 28) of the patients diagnosed with HCC had stable/normal AFP levels. We detected that high expression of miR-24, miR-10b and the low expression of miR-143 were independently and significantly associated with HCC in AFP-stable compared with AFP trending (P < .05). Additionally, we demonstrated that the overexpression of miR-10b was associated with poor disease-free survival in HCC (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Although more clinical validations are needed for the diagnosis of HCC, our current results indicate that the coexistence of high expression of miR-10b and miR-24 may help clinicians adjust in the diagnosis of HCC in patients who are on the liver transplant list but awaiting biopsy for the diagnosis of HCC.