Lead and cadmium levels in tissues of horses in Bursa, Turkey

Mor F., Sonal S., Cerit H.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.14, no.9, pp.773-776, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.773-776
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Lead and cadmium were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry in liver, kidney and muscle of horses in Bursa, a highly industrialized city in Turkey. Mean levels of lead were 254 +/- 0.71 mg/kg, 3.59 +/- 1.31 mg/kg and 5.98 +/- 2.63 mg/kg (fresh weight), in liver, kidney and muscle samples, respectively, and those of cadmium were 10.62 +/- 2.90 mg/kg, 53.34 +/- 17.51 mg/kg and 0.21 +/- 0.02 mg/kg, in liver, kidney and muscle, respectively. These levels were higher than acceptable in other European countries and show that people and animals living in Bursa are subject to heavy metal pollution.