Does Liver Transplant Improve Neurological Symptoms in Wilson Disease? Report of 24 Cases


AKSOY F., Arslan İ. E., ÖZGÜR T., Dundar H. Z., ÇELİK F., Demir A. B., ...More

EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL TRANSPLANTATION, vol.20, no.11, pp.1009-1015, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.6002/ect.2022.0206
  • Journal Name: EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL TRANSPLANTATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1009-1015
  • Keywords: Neurological manifestations, Orthotopic liver transplantation, EXPERIENCE, MR
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives: Wilson disease is an inherited disorder that results in copper accumulation in the tissues with liver injury and failure. Orthotopic liver transplant is one of the treatments of choice for this disease. The aim of this study was to compare the neurological symptoms, before and after orthotopic liver transplant, of patients with liver cirrhosis due to Wilson disease, who represent a special group of patients with liver failure. Materials and Methods: Between 2007 and 2020, there were 24 patients with Wilson disease resistant to medical treatment who underwent deceased donor orthotopic liver transplant and were followed up for 1 year, 5 years, and 10 years for evaluation with neurological scoring systems. Patients were also evaluated for postoperative complications and survival. Results: Of the 24 patients evaluated, there were 13 (54.2%) female patients and 11 (45.8%) male patients, and the mean age was 34 years (range, 14-57 years). One of the patients died from early postoperative sepsis. After orthotopic liver transplant, disease scores returned to normal in 16 patients and improved in the remaining patients. Before transplant, all patients required help in their daily activities. After transplant, there were significant improvements in some symptoms, and the patients became more independent in their daily lives. Conclusions: Our study shows that orthotopic liver transplant provides significant improvement in neurological symptoms and quality of life in patients with Wilson disease.