Evaluation of Respiratory Functions of Residents Around the Orhaneli Thermal Power Plant in Turkey

PALA K., TÜRKKAN A., Gercek H., Osman E., Aytekin H.

ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol.24, no.1, pp.48-57, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1010539510363622
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.48-57
  • Keywords: Orhaneli, respiratory function, thermal power plant, Turkey, OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, LUNG-FUNCTION, COAL, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the health and respiratory function of residents around the Orhaneli thermal power plant in Turkey. The study was conducted using face-to-face interviews, and respiratory functions were measured with a spirometer. The respiratory functions of 2350 residents, IS years and older, living in communities near the coal-fired Orhaneli thermal power plant in Turkey were measured. The control group consisted of 469 persons from similar communities without a nearby power plant. The FEV1 (forced expiratory volume after 1 s) and FVC (forced vital capacity) values of the study participants were significantly lower than those of the control group, and residents directly downwind of the plant's smokestack showed greater impairment of respiratory functions compared with residents upwind.