In this paper, a comparison of various advanced oxidation processes (O-3, O-3/UV, H2O2/UV, O-3/H2O2/UV, Fe2+/H2O2) and chemical treatment methods using Al-2(SO4)(3)(.)18H(2)O, FeCl3 and FeSO4 for the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color removal from a polyester and acetate fiber dyeing effluent is undertaken. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) showed a superior performance compared to conventional chemical treatment, which maximum achievable color and COD removal for the textile effluent used in this study was 50% and 60%, respectively. Although O-3/H2O2/UV combination among other AOPs methods studied in this paper was found to give the best result (99% removal for COD and 96% removal for color), use of Fe2+/H2O2 seems to show a satisfactory COD and color removal performance and to be economically more viable choice for the acetate and polyester fiber dyeing effluent on the basis of 90% removal. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.