Mechanical Response of Novel 3D Woven Flax Composites with Variation in Z Yarn Binding

Jabbar M., Nawab Y., KARAHAN M., Ashraf M., Hussain T.

JOURNAL OF NATURAL FIBERS, vol.17, no.6, pp.890-905, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15440478.2018.1539939
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.890-905
  • Keywords: Flax yarn, green composites, mechanical performance, 3D woven reinforcement, Z yarn binding point density, CARBON, 2D
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This paper is focused on the development of novel 3D woven flax composites for improved mechanical performance. The 3D woven interlock fabrics were produced on dobby loom using novel weaving patterns, with variation in binding point density (four different levels). These fabric structures were then used to fabricate composites with green epoxy resin as a matrix. Tensile, flexural, short beam shear, impact (pendulum and drop weight) and compression after impact properties were characterized. It was found that 3D woven composites having higher binding point density showed overall improved mechanical behavior, i.e. the out-of-plane properties were enhanced whereas in-plane properties are either reduced or unaffected.