Physiological role of K(+ )channels in irisin-induced vasodilation in rat thoracic aorta


DEMİREL S. , ŞAHİNTÜRK S. , İŞBİL N. , ÖZYENER F.

PEPTIDES, vol.147, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 147
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.peptides.2021.170685
  • Title of Journal : PEPTIDES
  • Keywords: Irisin, Vasodilation, Potassium channels, Rat thoracic aorta, POTASSIUM CHANNELS, K+ CHANNELS, OBESITY, MUSCLE, RESPONSES, EXERCISE, TARGET, MICE

Abstract

Irisin, an exercise-induced myokine, has been shown to have a peripheral vasodilator effect. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying its effects. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the vasoactive effects of irisin on rat thoracic aorta, and the hypothesis that voltage-gated potassium (KV) channels, ATPsensitive potassium (KATP) channels, small-conductance calcium-activated potassium (SKCa) channels, largeconductance calcium-activated potassium (BKCa) channels, intermediate-conductance calcium-activated potassium (IKCa) channels, inward rectifier potassium (Kir) channels, and two-pore domain potassium (K2P) channels may have roles in these effects. Isometric contraction-relaxation responses of isolated thoracic aorta rings were measured with an organ bath model. The steady contraction was induced with both 10-5 M phenylephrine and 45 mM KCl, and then the concentration-dependent responses of irisin (10-9-10-6 M) were examined. Irisin exerted the vasorelaxant effects in both endothelium-intact and -denuded aortic rings at concentrations of 10-8, 10-7, and 10-6 M (p < 0.001). Besides, KV channel blocker 4-aminopyridine, KATP channel blocker glibenclamide, SKCa channel blocker apamin, BKCa channel blockers tetraethylammonium and iberiotoxin, IKCa channel blocker TRAM-34, and Kir channel blocker barium chloride incubations significantly inhibited the irisin-induced relaxation responses. However, incubation of K2P TASK-1 channel blocker anandamide did not cause a significant decrease in the relaxation responses of irisin. In conclusion, the first physiological findings were obtained regarding the functional relaxing effects of irisin in rat thoracic aorta. Furthermore, this study is the first to report that irisin-induced relaxation responses are associated with the activity of KV, KATP, SKCa, BKCa, IKCa, and Kir channels.