Effect of carbon source on biological nutrient removal in a sequencing batch reactor

Kargi F., Uygur A.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.89, no.1, pp.89-93, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 89 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0960-8524(03)00031-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-93
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


Sequencing batch operation was used for nutrient (COD, NH4-N, NO3-N, PO4-P) removal from synthetic wastewater by using different carbon sources. Operation consisted of anaerobic, anoxic, oxic, anoxic and oxic (An/Ax/Ox/Ax/Ox) phases with durations of 2/1/4.5/1.5/1.5 h. Glucose, acetate and a mixture of glucose/acetate were used as carbon source to yield a COD/N/P ratio of 100/5/1.5 in the feed. Sludge age was kept constant at 10 days. COD, NH4-N, NO3-N and PO4-P removal efficiencies were maximum at the levels of 96%, 87%, 81% and 90% respectively, when a mixture (50150) of glucose and acetate was used. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.