Objective: In present study, we aimed to clarify effect of aging on the susceptibility of brain tissue to neurodegeneration induced by ischemia. Methods: Damage induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) followed by reoxygenation (REO) were compared in cortical slices prepared from young (3 months of age) and aged (22-24 months of age) male Sprague Dawley rats. Results: After incubation of the slices in an oxygen and glucose containing control condition, 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining intensity was found significantly high in aged cortical slices. Although thirty minutes incubation of the slices in OGD medium followed by REO (OGD-REO) caused similar decline in TTC staining in young and aged cortical slices, staining intensity was still significantly higher in the slices prepared from aged animals. Thirty minutes of OGD-REO, on the other hand, also caused more increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage from young slices. While water contents of the slices were almost equal under control condition, it was significantly high in young cortical slices after OGD-REO incubations. In contrary to these findings, OGD and REO caused more increases in S100B output from aged rat cortical slices. S100B levels in brain regions including the cerebral cortex were also found higher in aged rats. Conclusion: All these results indicate that, cortical slices prepared from aged male rats are significantly less responsive to in vitro OGD-REO induced alterations. Since protein S100B outputs were almost doubled from aged cortical slices, a possible involvement of this enhanced S100B output seems to be likely.