Effects of the PPy layer thickness on Co-PPy composite films


Haciismailoglu M.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.356, pp.817-826, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 356
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.08.217
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.817-826

Abstract

Co-PPy composite films were electrodeposited on ITO substrate from two different solutions potentio-statically. Firstly, the PPy layers with the thicknesses changing from 20 to 5000 nm were produced on ITO. Then Co was electrodeposited on these PPy/ITO substrates with a charge density of 1000 mC cm(-2). The electrochemical properties were investigated by the current density-time transients and the variation of the elapsed time for the Co deposition depending on the PPy layer thickness. X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectra indicated the presence of both Co metal and its oxides on the surface. The weak reflections of the Co3O4, CoO and hcp Co were detected by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. According to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, the thickness of the PPy layer strongly affects the Co nucleation. The composite films with the PPy layer thinner than 200 nm and thicker than 2000 nm have an isotropic magnetic behavior due to the symmetrical crystal field. The composite films with the PPy layer thicknesses between 200 and 2000 nm have an anisotropic magnetic behavior attributable to the deterioration of this symmetrical crystal field by the PPy bubbles on the surface. All films are hard magnetic material, since the coercivities are larger than 125 Oe. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.