Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) is a kind of renewable energy source to produce energy for replacement of fossil fuels. Aggressive working conditions in RDF facilities cause the shredder blades to wear out quickly. So, the purpose of this paper was to study the effect of plasma-nitriding process on wear resistance of shredder blades made of AISI D2 tool steel in the service condition of RDF facility. Shredder blades were commercially available from two different suppliers (A and B suppliers). These hardened shredder blades were plasma-nitrided in the mixed nitrogen and hydrogen atmosphere at a volume ratio of 3:1 at 450 degrees C for 12, 18 and 24h at a total pressure of 250 Pa. Characterisation of plasma-nitrided layers on the shredder blades was carried out by means of microstructure and microhardness measurements. Wear tests of plasma-nitrided shredder blades were performed under actual working conditions in the RDF facility. Wear analysis of these shredder blades was conducted using three-dimensional (3D) optical measuring instrument GOM ATOS II. The compositional difference of the shredder blades provided by A and B suppliers played an important role on the nitrided layer. The case depth of A-blades significantly increased with increasing plasma-nitriding time. However, the case depth of B-blades was fairly lower at the same nitriding time and only slightly increased with increasing plasma-nitriding time. Plasma-nitriding process significantly improved the surface hardness of the shredder blades. Maximum surface hardness values were achieved at nitriding time of 18 h for both blades. In this case, this increase in surface hardness values was above 100%. At nitriding time of 24 h, the maximum surface hardness of A-blades significantly decreased, whereas this decrease in surface hardness of B-blades was the negligible value. The wear test results showed that plasma-nitriding process significatly decreased the wear of shredder blades; 18 h nitriding for A-blades and 24 h nitriding for B-blades had better wear-reducing ability in the service condition of RDF facility. In these cases, the decreases in the total volume wear loss for A- and B-blades were 53% and 60%, respectively.