Association between resistance to cinacalcet and parathyroid gland hyperplasia in kidney transplant recipients with persistent hypercalcemia


Oruc A., Ersoy A., Kocaeli A. A. , Yildiz A., Gul O. O. , Erturk E., ...More

International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine, vol.11, no.3, pp.107-112, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-112
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2020 Iranian Society for Organ Transplantation.Background: Persistent hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism after successful kidney transplantation can be detrimental in some recipients and should be ameliorated. Objective: To point out the concerns regarding resistance to cinacalcet in kidney transplant recipients with persistent hypercalcemia. Methods: 14 renal transplant recipients who received cinacalcet treatment because of persistent hypercalcemia were included in the study. Serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), calcium, phosphorus, and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels at the baseline and throughout the treatment, and ultrasonography and parathyroid scintigraphy findings were recorded. Results: Cinacalcet treatment was initiated after a mean±SD of 20.7±19.7 months of transplantation and maintained for 16.9±7.9 months. Serum calcium levels were significantly decreased with the cinacalcet treatment. There were no significant changes in serum creatinine, eGFR, phosphorus, and PTH levels. In all participants, serum calcium levels were increased from 9.8±0.6 to 11.1±0.6 mg/dL (p<0.001) within 1 month of cessation of cinacalcet. 7 recipients with adenoma-like hyperplastic glands underwent parathyroidectomy (PTx) due to failure with cinacalcet. Conclusion: Cinacalcet may be an appropriate treatment for a group of recipients with hypercalcemia without adenoma-like hyperplastic glands or who had a contraindication for surgery. Recipients with enlarged parathyroid gland may resist to cinacalcet-induced decrease in serum PTH, although the concomitant hypercalcemia may be corrected.