Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Functional and Life Quality Assessments in Senile Osteoporosis

ALP A., Cansever S., Gorgec N., Yurtkuran M., TOPSAÇ T.

TURKIYE KLINIKLERI TIP BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.29, no.3, pp.687-695, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.687-695
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: To investigate and describe the effects of Tai Chi exercise program on functional ability and life quality assessments for subjects with senile osteoporosis. Material and Methods: A randomized controlled study was carried out to assess the therapeutic efficacy, of Tai Chi exercises. Forty-four sedentary women (mean age 70.2) with bone mineral density T scores <= -2.5 and less were randomized into 2 groups (Tai Chi group; n= 22 and control group; n= 22) and were enrolled in a 6-months training study. According to the Tai Chi exercise regimen, the hourlong practice icluded a brief warm-up and stretching, a complete long-form Tai Chi for 40 minutes and cool down/relaxation. The control group was instructed not to change their life style for the duration. Patients in both groups were given home-based active range of motion exercises. The groups were evaluated by Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), sensitized Romberg test (SRT), and time sit to stand (TSS). Results: Comparisons of the two groups revealed that the improvement in NHP physical activity score (p= 0.04), NHP tenderness score (p= 0.004), NHP total score (p= 0.02), SF-36 physical function (p= 0.04), SF-36 physical role limitations (p 0.01), SF-36 pain (p= 0.03), SRT eyes open (p= 0.007), SRT eyes closed (p= 0.001) and TSS (p 0.002) were significantly higher in the Tai Chi group than in the control group at the end of 6 months. Conclusion: Tai Chi training is effective in senile osteoporotic subjects to promote functional ability and life quality.