The evaluation of parameter effects on cefoperazone treatability with new generation anodes


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Kurt A., YONAR T.

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.12, no.1, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41598-022-18486-0
  • Journal Name: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals

Abstract

In this study it was aimed to investigate the treatability of cefoperazone with new generation Sb-doped SnO2-Ni anodes. For this purpose, it was studied with Sn/Sb/Ni: 500/8/1 anodes for the oxidation of aqueous solution containing cefoperazone antibiotic by addition of different types of electrolyte. Potassium chloride was found as the best electrolyte type affecting the electrochemical reactions positively even at lower concentrations (750 mg/L-1). At pH 8 the best results were obtained, which is the neutral pH value of the aqueous solution. 50 mA/cm(2) was found as the best value for current density parameter, providing full mineralization just after 60 min of reaction. The removal efficiencies increased generally with the increase of current density, because active oxidants occur increasingly at higher current values. According to the results of the study it was seen that, electrochemical oxidation processes with Sn/Sb/Ni-Ti anodes could be carried out efficiently without need adding extra electrolyte (salt) and pH adjustment step for real wastewaters containing antibiotics. Thus, it was found an easy and economic way to perform electrochemical oxidation with Sn/Sb/Ni-Ti anodes for the wastewaters containing cefoperazone antibiotics.