A Novel Viewpoint of Imidazolium Salts for Selective Extraction of Cobalt in the Presence of Nickel from Acidic Thiocyanate Solutions by Ionic-Liquid-Based Solvent-Extraction Technique

Eyupoglu V., Polat E., Kunduracioglu A., Turgut H. I.

JOURNAL OF DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.36, no.12, pp.1704-1720, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01932691.2015.1004185
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1704-1720
  • Keywords: Co(II), cobalt nickel separation, imidazolium salts, ionic liquids, Ni(II), selective solvent extraction, LEACH SOLUTIONS, ALAMINE 336, CHLORIDE SOLUTIONS, METAL-IONS, SYNERGISTIC EXTRACTION, TRIBUTYL-PHOSPHATE, BINARY-MIXTURES, PHASE-BEHAVIOR, WATER SAMPLES, SEPARATION
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


In this study, the selective extraction and stripping conditions of Co(II) from acidic thiocyanate solution containing Co(II) and Ni(II) by ionic-liquid-based solvent-extraction technique using symmetric and asymmetric imidazolium bromide salts substituting butyl and isobutyl groups were experimentally optimized. The molecular structure effect of imidazolium bromide salts (IMs) have been determined as main factor to extract Co(II). The executive parameters on stripping and extraction processes, such as IMs concentration, pH, thiocyanate concentration, stripping reagent type, and concentration, were experimentally investigated. Molecular variation of organometalic complex (adduct) consisting of IMs and Co-SCN, were illuminated by comparision of ATR-FTIR spectrums of pure and Co-SCN loaded IMs. Stoichiometric rates of the adduct was verified with slope analysis. In light of these examinations, Co(SCN)(3)(-) has been determined as prominent Co-SCN species in aqueous media. Symetric IMs were identified as more effective than asymmetric ones on selective separation of Co(II) from Ni(II). Under optimum conditions, 99.20% of Co(II) was extracted and 93.33% of Co(II) was recovered with higher separation factors especially in diluted solution, whereas, Ni(II) extractions were negligible. We have concluded that the separation power of this study is high in Co(II)/Ni(II) containing dilute solutions and it can be used in preconcentration purposes effectively.