The ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC

Aamodt K., Quintana A. A., Achenbach R., Acounis S., Adamova D., Adler C., ...More

JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, vol.3, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1748-0221/3/08/s08002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Instrumentation for heavy-ion accelerators, Instrumentation for particle accelerators and storage rings - high energy, Cherenkov and transition radiation, Gaseous detectors, Liquid detectors, Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons, Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes, Solid state detectors, Calorimeters, Cherenkov detectors, dE/dx detectors, Gamma detectors, Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics, Particle identification methods, Particle tracking detectors, Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons, Spectrometers, Time projection chambers, Timing detectors, Transition radiation detectors, Analysis and statistical methods, Computing, Data processing methods, Data reduction methods, Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods, Simulation methods and programs, Software architectures, Detector alignment and calibration methods, Detector cooling and thermo-stabilization, Detector design and construction technologies and materials, Detector grounding, Manufacturing, Overall mechanics design, Special cables, Voltage distributions, RESISTIVE PLATE CHAMBER, SILICON PIXEL DETECTOR, ONLINE PATTERN-RECOGNITION, ZERO DEGREE CALORIMETERS, FRONT-END, MICROSTRIP SENSORS, DRIFT DETECTORS, MULTIGAP RPC, AGING TESTS, GAS-MIXTURE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is a general-purpose, heavy-ion detector at the CERN LHC which focuses on QCD, the strong-interaction sector of the Standard Model. It is designed to address the physics of strongly interacting matter and the quark-gluon plasma at extreme values of energy density and temperature in nucleus-nucleus collisions. Besides running with Pb ions, the physics programme includes collisions with lighter ions, lower energy running and dedicated proton-nucleus runs. ALICE will also take data with proton beams at the top LHC energy to collect reference data for the heavy-ion programme and to address several QCD topics for which ALICE is complementary to the other LHC detectors. The ALICE detector has been built by a collaboration including currently over 1000 physicists and engineers from 105 Institutes in 30 countries, Its overall dimensions are 16 x 16 x 26 m(3) with a total weight of approximately 10 000 t. The experiment consists of 18 different detector systems each with its own specific technology choice and design constraints, driven both by the physics requirements and the experimental conditions expected at LHC. The most stringent design constraint is to cope with the extreme particle multiplicity anticipated in central Pb-Pb collisions. The different subsystems were optimized to provide high-momentum resolution as well as excellent Particle Identification (PID) over a broad range in momentum, up to the highest multiplicities predicted for LHC. This will allow for comprehensive studies of hadrons, electrons, muons, and photons produced in the collision of heavy nuclei. Most detector systems are scheduled to be installed and ready for data taking by mid-2008 when the LHC is scheduled to start operation, with the exception of parts of the Photon Spectrometer (PHOS), Transition Radiation Detector (TRD) and Electro Magnetic Calorimeter (EMCal). These detectors will be completed for the high-luminosity ion run expected in 2010. This paper describes in detail the detector components as installed for the first data taking in the summer of 2008.