Resistance spot weldability of TBF steel sheets with dissimilar thickness

Yilmaz I. O., Bilici A. Y., AYDIN H.

METALLURGICAL RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY, vol.117, no.6, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 117 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/metal/2020071
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This paper presents an experimental study on weldability of TBF steel sheets with dissimilar thickness. Nominal thickness of TBF sheets were 0.95 and 1.55mm. Optical microscope was used to observe the cracks formed in the weld zone. The indentation depths were determined by ultrasonic technique. Tensile shear tests were applied to the welded specimens in order to determine the mechanical properties. Higher weld current and time resulted in higher nugget size and indentation depth. This increase in nugget size and indentation depth with increasing of weld current and weld time was almost linearly. The liquid metal embrittlement crack sensitivity in the HAZ was very high on TBF spot welds. The liquid metal embrittlement cracks were much deeper and wider along the weld periphery regions compared to the nugget regions. These cracks were occurred easily with a higher heat input and the crack depth increased almost linearly with increasing of heat input. Weld strength of the specimens was governed by crack formation in the HAZ. Lower weld currents and weld times resulted in higher tensile shear properties. The highest tensile shear load (18.50kN) and energy absorption (37.5J) were achieved at 6kA for 20cycles. This weld exhibited interfacial failure mode.