BEHAVIOURAL PHARMACOLOGY, vol.22, pp.589-598, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
This study was designed to test the effects of intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered CDP-choline (cytidine-5'-diphosphate-choline; citicoline) and its metabolites in rat models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. The i.c.v. administration of CDP-choline (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mu mol) produced a dose and time-dependent reversal of mechanical hyperalgesia in both carrageenan-induced inflammatory and chronic constriction injury-induced neuropathic pain models in rats. The antihyperalgesic effect of CDP-choline was similar to that observed with an equimolar dose of choline (1 mu mol). The CDP-choline-induced antihyperalgesic effect was prevented by central administration of the neuronal high-affinity choline uptake inhibitor hemicholinium-3 (1 mu g), the nonselective nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine (50 mu g), the alpha 7-selective nicotinic ACh receptor antagonist, alpha-bungarotoxin (2 mu g) and the gamma-aminobutyric acid B receptor antagonist CGP-35348 (20 mu g). In contrast, i.c.v. pretreatment with the nonselective opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (10 mu g) only prevented the CDP-choline-induced antihyperalgesic effect in the neuropathic pain model while the nonselective muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine (10 mu g) did not alter the antihyperalgesic effect in the two models. These results indicate that CDP-choline-elicited antihyperalgesic effect in different models of pain occurs through mechanisms that seem to involve an interaction with supraspinal alpha 7-selective nicotinic ACh receptors, and gamma-aminobutyric acid B receptors, whereas central opioid receptors have a role only in the neuropathic pain model. Behavioural Pharmacology 22:589-598 (C) 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.