Optimization of formulation and process conditions of chestnut-based functional beverage using response surface methodology


Usta-Gorgun B., YILMAZ ERSAN L., ŞAHİN S.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13197-022-05475-4
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Optimization, Response surface methodology, Chestnut beverage, CCD, CASTANEA-SATIVA-MILL., ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY, CULTIVARS, ACID

Abstract

Response surface methodology was used to optimize the chestnut beverage production under the effect of the independent variables including dilution rate (x(1)), dilution temperature (x(2)), pasteurization time (x(3)) and pasteurization temperature (x(4)). The experiments were based on a central composite design with linear and quadratic models employed to study the combined effects of four independent variables. The responses were selected with functional properties such as antioxidative attributes and total phenolic content. The optimal conditions (x(1), x(2), x(3) and x(4)) determined for development of chestnut based functional beverage were a dilution rate of 25.19 g/100 mL, a dilution temperature of 37.562 degrees C, a pasteurization time of 24.996 min. and a pasteurization temperature of 84.433 degrees C. After comparing the predicted and experimental results, the multi-response surface methodology was more stable with a good correlation for a functional chestnut beverage.