DIAGNOSTIC CYTOPATHOLOGY, vol.39, no.6, pp.424-427, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
The diagnostic approach to thyroid nodules generally starts with FNA cytology. However, approximately one-fifth of cytologic evaluations yield indeterminate cytological findings but only 20% of cases with indeterminate thyroid nodule cytology have a cancer diagnosis, emphasizing the need for an effective ancillary test based on FNA material to help prevent unnecessary surgery. Detection of BRAFV600E mutation, the genetic signature of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in FNA material provides an invaluable diagnostic adjunct to overcome the limitations of FNA cytology. There are many ways to detect V600E, such as direct DNA sequencing, allele-specific PCR and hybridization-based colorimetric methods. In this study, a newer simple PCR method is presented that removes requirements for sequencing special equipment and commercial kits. Two forward primers including the mutant sequence specific (F2), and one common reverse (R) primer were optimized to generate a 241 bp fragment (F1R), an internal PCR control, and a 141 bp fragment (F2R) denoting the presence of V600E. Sensitivity studies revealed that the assay is capable of detecting V600E even in 1 ng of DNA. Direct sequencing data of 241 bp F1R fragment proved the specificity of the assay. For validation studies of the sequence specific multiplex PCR assay, archival FNA slides were used in a group of thyroid lesions including PTC, follicular carcinoma, follicular adenoma, Hashimoto thyroiditis, and benign thyroid nodules. The newer PCR-based method presented in this study is a practical, inexpensive one-step assay to detect the BRAF T1796A mutation on FNA samples. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2011; 39: 424-427. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.